ccNSO is an acronym for The Country-Code Names Supporting Organization.

The purpose of the ccNSO is to engage and provide leadership in activities relevant to country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs). This is achieved by 1) Developing policy recommendations to the ICANN Board, 2) Nurturing consensus across the ccNSO’s community, including the name-related activities of ccTLDs; and 3) Coordinating with other ICANN SO’s, Committees, or constituencies under ICANN. The ccNSO selects one person to serve on the board.


A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code. All ASCII ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs.

In 2018, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) began implementing internationalized country code top-level domains, consisting of language-native characters when displayed in an end-user application. Creation and delegation of ccTLDs is described in RFC 1591, corresponding to ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes. While gTLDs have to obey international regulations, ccTLDs are subjected to requirements that are determined by each country’s domain name regulation corporation. With over 150 million domain name registrations today, ccTLDs make up 40% of the total domain name industry. Country code extension applications began in 1985. The registered first extensions that year were .us (United States), .uk (United Kingdom), and .il (Israel). There are 312 ccTLDs in active use totally. .cn, .tk, .de and .uk contain the highest number of domains.


CVCV is an abbreviation for a consonant-vowel-consonant-vowel domain name.

C: consonant, defined as “(in English articulation) a speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasing (p, b; t, d; k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v; s, z, etc.)”

V: vowel, defined as “a letter representing or usually representing a vowel, as, in English, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w and y.”
Source: Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 30 Mar. 2011. .

Not all letters are created equal. See the definition of Premium Letters in domain names for a list of which letters are more valuable.

CVCV refers to the domain itself and makes no specification as to the Top Level Domain (TLD), such as com or net.

An example of an domain name is
An example of an domain name is

There are total of 15,876 CVCV domain names available (21x6x21x6=15,876) if you count the letter Y as both a consonant and a vowel. If you consider only premium letter domain names, there are 6,084 CVCV domain names available (13x6x13x6=6,084).

Related domain name dictionary definitions:

  • LLL
  • NNN


Cybersquatting (also known as domain squatting), according to the United States federal law known as the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act, is registering, trafficking in, or using a domain name with bad faith intent to profit from the goodwill of a trademark belonging to someone else. The cybersquatter then offers to sell the domain to the person or company who owns a trademark contained within the name at an inflated price.

Bad faith (Latin: mala fides) is a legal concept in which a malicious motive on the part of a party in a lawsuit undermines their case.

Direct Navigation

A method of arriving at a website by typing the address directly into the address bar of a web browser, rather than using a search engine, directory or other referral source. Also referred to as type-in traffic.


DNS is an acronym for Domain Name System.

The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users to find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address – just like a telephone number – which is a rather complicated string of numbers. It is called its “IP address” (IP stands for “Internet Protocol”). IP Addresses are hard to remember. The DNS makes using the Internet easier by allowing a familiar string of letters (the “domain name”) to be used instead of the arcane IP address. So instead of typing, you can type It is a “mnemonic” device that makes addresses easier to remember.


A domain name is the address of your website that people type in the browser URL bar to visit your website.

In simple terms, if your website was a house, then your domain name will be its address.

A more detailed explanation:

The Internet is a giant network of computers connected to each other through a global network of cables. Each computer on this network can communicate with other computers.

To identify them, each computer is assigned an IP address. It is a series of numbers that identify a particular computer on the internet. A typical IP address looks like this:

Now an IP address like this is quite difficult to remember. Imagine if you had to use such numbers to visit your favorite websites.

Domain names were invented to solve this problem.

Now if you want to visit a website, then you don’t need to enter a long string of numbers. Instead, you can visit it by typing an easy to remember domain name in your browser’s address bar.

Domain Flipping

Domain flipping is a phrase used to describe purchasing a domain name and then quickly reselling (or “flipping”) it for profit. This is usually done within a year after purchase so that the owner doesn’t have to pay renewal fees for subsequent years.

Domain flipping is in contrast to domain investing.

Domain Investing

Domain investing is a phrase used to describe purchasing a domain name and then holding onto it for more than one year, and generally five or more years. Typically, the cost of valuable domain names increases over time, and this strategy takes advantage of this fact.

Domain investing is in contrast to domain flipping.

Domain Kiting

Domain kiting is the process of deleting a domain name during the five-day grace period and immediately re-registering it for another five-day period. This process is repeated any number of times with the end result of having the domain registered without ever actually paying for it.