A-Label

The ASCII form of an IDN label. All operations defined in the DNS use A-labels exclusively.

Absolute path

An absolute path refers to the complete details needed to locate a file or folder, starting from the root element and ending with the other subdirectories. Absolute paths are used in websites and operating systems for locating files and folders. An absolute path is also known as an absolute pathname or full path.

Add Grace Period

The “Add Grace Period” (AGP) is a 5-day grace period following domain registration where the operation may be reversed and a credit may be issued to a Registrar. AGP was intended to allow for the no-cost cancellation of domain name registrations resulting from typos and other errors by Registrars and registrants as well as some types of fraudulent registrations.

When a domain name is registered through a Registrar, that Registrar may delete the domain name at any time during the first five calendar days of the registration or within the first five calendar days of submitting an application for a .aero name (the Add Grace Period or AGP), and receive a full credit for the registration fee from the Operator.

However, on 17 December 2008, ICANN announced the implementation plan for the new Add Grace Period (AGP) Limits Policy adopted by the ICANN Board on 26 June 2008. The Add Grace Period Limits Policy allows a registrar’s account to be debited each month for all AGP deletions that exceed the greater of either:
* 50 domain names, or
* 10% of net new adds for the previous month

As a result, registrars will no longer be entitled to a refund of the registration fee by Operators for new registrations of domain names deleted during the AGP that exceed the 10% or 50 threshold maximum number of AGP deletes in a given month, unless an exemption has been granted by SITA. For example, if a Registrar had in a month 1,000 net new registrations in the .com Registry, for US$30,000 (based on a price of US$30 per domain name registration), and had 250 AGP deletes, the Registrar would be entitled to a refund of US$3000 for 100 AGP deletes (10% of 1,000 net new registrations at US$30 per domain name registration). The Registrar would not be entitled to an additional refund of US$4500 for the 150 “excess” deletes made during that month.
* Net new registrations – 1000
* Price for net new registrations – $30,000 (30*1000)
* Number of AGP deletes – 250
* 10% of net new registrations (allowed deletes within AGP for a full refund) – 100
* Excessive deletes = 150 (250-100)
* Allowed refund under the new AGP policy – $3000 (100*30)

Prior to this Policy, the Registrar would have received a full refund for all the names deleted during the AGP.

The Add Grace Period Limits Policy went into effect 00:00 UTC on 01 May 2009.

AfriNIC

AfriNIC is an acronym for The African Network Information Center.

AfriNIC is a Regional Internet Registry (RIR), and is a non-profit membership organization responsible for the administration and registration of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in the Africa region.

ALAC

ALAC is an acronym for At-Large Advisory Committee.

ICANN’s At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is responsible for considering and providing advice on the activities of the ICANN, as they relate to the interests of individual Internet users (the “At-Large” community). ICANN, as a private sector, non-profit corporation with technical management responsibilities for the Internet’s domain name and address system, will rely on the ALAC and its supporting infrastructure to involve and represent in ICANN a broad set of individual user interests.

On 31 October 2002, the ICANN Board adopted New Bylaws that establish the ALAC and authorize its supporting At-Large organizations. (Article XI, Section 2(4) of the New Bylaws.) The New Bylaws, which are the result of ICANN’s 2002 reform process, went into effect on 15 December 2002. ALAC is to eventually consist of ten members selected by Regional At-Large Organizations, supplemented by five members selected by ICANN’s Nominating Committee. To allow the ALAC to begin functioning immediately, the Transition Article of the Interim Bylaws provides for the Board to appoint ten members (two from each of ICANN’s five regions) to an Interim ALAC.

Underpinning the ALAC will be a network of self-organizing, self-supporting At-Large Structures throughout the world involving individual Internet users at the local or issue level. The At-Large Structures (either existing organizations or newly formed for this purpose) will self-organize into five Regional At-Large Organizations (one in each ICANN region – Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America/Caribbean, and North America). The Regional At-Large Organizations will manage outreach and public involvement and will be the main forum and coordination point in each region for public input to ICANN.

APNIC

APNIC is an acronym for The Asia Pacific Network Information Centre.

APNIC is a Regional Internet Registry (RIR), and is a non-profit membership organization responsible for the administration and registration of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in the Asia-Pacific region, including Japan, Korea, China, and Australia.

ARIN

ARIN is an acronym for American Registry for Internet Numbers.

ARIN is a Regional Internet Registry (RIR), and is a non-profit membership organization established for the purpose of the administration and registration of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in North America, parts of the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Auction Sniping

Auction sniping is the process of watching a timed online auction (such as on eBay – or in the domain name world, Name), and placing a winning bid at the last possible moment (often seconds before the end of the auction), giving the other bidders no time to outbid the sniper.

The major domain auction houses – SnapNames, NameJet, Pool.com, and GoDaddy – prevent most cases of auction sniping by using a trigger which is invoked if a user attempts to bid within the auction’s final minutes. This trigger extends the domain name auction by several minutes, voiding the snipe attempt.

For example, Namejet prevents auction sniping in the following manner:

During the last 5 minutes of the auction, we begin our auction closing process. If we do not receive any bids during the auction closing process, we will close the auction.

If we do receive a bid during the auction closing process, we will extend the closing process for an additional 5 minutes past the time we receive the bid.

If we receive another bid within that time period, we will keep the auction open for yet another 5 minutes past the time we receive the bid. This process will continue until we stop receiving bids for a 5 minute period. At the conclusion of the closing process, the highest bidder will be awarded the name.